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Dr Amy Leung

Ph.D. (Paediatric Physiotherapy), Masters of Physiotherapy (MPhty), APAM, AFHEA

APA Titled Paediatric Physiotherapist

Dr Amy Leung is a titled Paediatric Physiotherapist and a University Academic at The University of Queensland. She works closely with children and families to provide assessment, treatment and ongoing education for a wide variety of paediatric conditions. She is specially trained to assess and treat the diverse needs of your child and has upwards of 30 years of experience in the Paediatric Physiotherapy field.

Paediatric Physiotherapy is a sub-speciality of Physiotherapy which focuses on helping children and young adults with developmental delays and movement disorders. Most, but not all of the time, these issues can be caused by various conditions.

The most common ones are listed further down. At Refine Physiotherapy, we are proud to be able to offer Paediatric services led by one of Australia’s leading authorities on Paediatric Physiotherapy.

Paediatric-Physiotherapy-Care-in-bowen hills

What do Paediatric Physiotherapists do?

Paediatric Physiotherapists are the experts in assessing, identifying and treating various conditions related to the development and movement of the growing child.

We collaborate with the child, the family, other allied health and sometimes even teachers to formulate a suitable and personalized treatment plan that optimises the health and development of your child.

Appropriate treatment will enable your child to participate in and enjoy the activities of daily life such as playing, learning, going to school, and being part of the family and community.

What common concerns can benefit from Paediatric Physiotherapy?

There are many movement disorders that can affect the development of the growing child and their severity can also vary greatly. Some of the most common include:

  • Babies and children who are experiencing delay or unusual patterns in achieving motor milestones such as sitting, crawling or walking

  • Children experiencing motor difficulties in more advanced skills such as jumping and hopping or coordination

  • Children with disabilities such as Down Syndrome, Brain Injuries, Cerebral Palsy, Autism, Muscular Dystrophies or other congenital conditions.
  • Babies and children with musculoskeletal conditions (affecting their bones, joints and muscles). Some include Plagiocephaly (flattened head shape), Club Foot, Flat Feet, Excessive hypermobility (flexibility), Dislocating joints (Most common are Kneecap and Shoulder), Ehler’s Danlos Syndrome, Sever’s disease

  • Children with rheumatological diseases such as Arthritis, Myositis or chronic joint pain.

  • Children who have experienced injury or a musculoskeletal trauma

Other common conditions that we see include: 

  • Developmental delay

  • Spina Bifida

  • Hypotonia

  • Genetic Disorders

  • Developmental Co-ordination Disorder
  • Motor Delays related to sensory disorders

  • De-conditioning from prolonged illness or hospitalization

  • Torticollis

  • General orthopaedic conditions

  • Plagiocephaly (flattened head shape)

Do you know whether your child is experiencing any delay in achieving their motor milestones? Keep reading to see what your child should be able to do by what age!

These are the average ages that your child should be accomplishing the key motor tasks in early development.

  • Rolling – 4-6 months


  • Reaching – 4-6 months


  • Sitting – 6-8 months


  • Crawling – 8-10 months


  • Supported standing – 8-10 months


  • Walking – 12-14 months

Below are some common unusual movement patterns that can occur during this early developmental period.

Bottom Shuffling: This occurs when a baby is either unable or uncomfortable with crawling and rather uses their hands and feet to shuffle their bottom to get around. This usually occurs around 9 months.

W-sitting: W-sitting is the position in which children sit with knees bent, feet tucked under, bottom resting on the floor between their legs, and legs out to either side.

What does the Treatment consist of?

Treatment will vary on a case-by-case basis, however the most common modalities of treatment will include education on your child’s presentation and how they can improve, providing tailored exercises and specific activities that will be aimed at improving a certain skill, direct, hands-on physiotherapy, and if required, prescription of equipment and aids that will support your child’s development if required. Sometimes, referral to other allied health professionals may be required if appropriate.

Research has shown that early intervention can improve outcomes for children experiencing developmental and movement difficulties. If you are concerned about your baby or child’s development or if you require more information, please do not hesitate to contact us. A doctor’s referral is not necessary to come see us.